Hemorrhoids (piles) can present an agonizing torment during pregnancy. Pregnancy is a weary period by its own right. An additional affliction such as hemorrhoid could transform the pregnancy experience into a torturous ordeal.
Pathological hemorrhoids are swollen and inflamed veins in the rectal and anal region. These veins could swell to the size of small peas or they could reach the size of grapes.
Pathological hemorrhoids are often simply referred to as hemorrhoids even by medical professionals. However, we all have hemorrhoids in our perfectly normal and healthy states.
In our normal healthy state, hemorrhoids are simply varicose veins in the anorectal region. These varicose veins only become pathological, when they are swollen or inflamed.
Remedy for Haemorrhoids
Pregnancy is just one of several factors, which could provoke the inflammation of varicose veins. Before, we examine the pregnancy-related causes of hemorrhoids, let’s scrutinize its symptoms.
Symptoms of Hemorrhoids during Pregnancy
Internal hemroids (frequent misspelling) are painless. The only visible symptom in grade 1 and 2 internal hemroids is bright red blood on your stool, tissue paper and toilet bowl.
It is vital that, you ascertain the shade of blood. Darkish blood could represent the symptom of a more serious problem like bowel or colonic cancer. If the colour of blood is bright red, consult a medical professional for more profound diagnosis.
Grade 4 internal hemroids are permanently prolapsed. Prolapse is a medical term, which describes tissues that have dislodged from their normal anatomical position.
Grade 4 internal piles hurt, itch and irritate.
From the early stages of development, you can diagnose your external hemroids by maneuvering a mirror about your rear. You will notice tiny peanut-shaped outgrowths about your anal realm.
Pain, itching and irritation will draw your attention to the affliction in your anal realm.
With the help of a mirror, you can visually confirm that you are indeed dealing with external hemroids.
Causes of Hemorrhoids during Pregnancy
The exact cause of hemroid has yet to be established. However, the occurrence of hemorrhoid is closely associated with sharp changes in intra-abdominal pressure.
Specific pregnancy conditions alter the bowel pressure.
As the weight of the fetus develops, increased pressure is exerted on the lower bowels. The pressure on the bowels is especially high in the third and final pregnancy trimester.
It is thus no coincidence that, the occurrence of hemorrhoid is highest during this trimester.
Estrogen (eastrogen) production is also highest during the third trimester. Estrogen causes the venal walls to dilate, thus weakening them. Weakened venal walls have a higher propensity to swell upon the slightest increase in blood pressure.
The pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) can be detected in the bloodstream 14days after conception.
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) reduces the effectiveness of your body’s immune system. HCG weakens the immune system in order to prevent the body from rejecting the embryo.
Without hCG, the body will interpret the embryo as an intruder and the white blood cells of your immunes system are going to fight it.
Poor nutrition can also lead to hemorrhoid. Low fiber intake causes your stool to be dry, stony and difficult to pass. This is the definition of constipation. Constipation is the leading cause of hemorrhoid.
Diarrhea is the exact opposite of constipation. During a diarrhea affliction, your stool is watery and frequent. Diarrhea also causes sharp changes in intra-abdominal pressure.
Excessive straining during bowel movements puts direct pressure on the bowels.
Standing or sitting upright for long periods exerts pressure on the lower abdomen. Sitting upright for long periods hampers circulation in the vena cava.
The vena cava is a large network of veins, which carry deoxygenated blood from the legs to the heart.
Other cited causes of hemroid include lack of regular exercise, obesity and ascitis.
Best Practices to Prevent Hemorrhoids during Pregnancy
Eat a balanced and healthy diet. Increase your consumption of soluble and insoluble fiber (roughage). Fruits and vegetables are a great source of fiber. Peas, lentils, beans and spaghetti are rich sources of fiber.
Fiber facilitates metabolism. Fiber absorbs and retains water as food moves through the digestive track. This ensures that your stool is soft, gelatinous and easy to pass.
Hydrate yourself throughout the day. Drink at least one liter of water. If you are constipating, eat bananas and drink plenty of water. Water and banana are an effective and natural remedy to constipation.
Do not strain during bowel movements. Take a dump only when you feel the urge to do so. This is pretty much common sense. Do not spend too much time sitting on the toilet bowl. It is not a library. It is not the place for you to do your reading.
Maintain a proper state of hygiene in your anal region. Clean up with wet wipes. You can moisturize your wipes with water or you can use wipes, which have been treated with Walgreens, Witch Hazel or Aleo Vera.
Above all, do not use perfumed tissue paper. Perfumes are alcohols and volatility is an infamous property of alcohols. Perfumes will rapidly evaporate from your anal region, leaving it dry and sore.
Use a sitz bath (hip bath) thrice or five times daily. A sitz bath is a device, which allows you to soak your bum in warm water. You can transform your bath tub into a makeshift sitz bath.
Even though plain water is recommended for sitz baths, some people report a more soothing relief by using additives like Epsom salt or vinegar. A sitz bath session should last 10 to 15minutes.
Perform your kegel exercises regularly. Kegel exercises can be performed anywhere. You can do it at work, at home or while waiting for an appointment with your doctor.
Contract your vaginal and anal muscles for 10 to 20seconds then relax. Repeat this in sessions of about 10minutes. Kegel exercises facilitate the circulation of blood by strengthening the vaginal and anal muscles.
In some cases, hemorrhoids go away after pregnancy without the help of medication.
After delivery, the weight of the fetus is finally gone and sharp hormonal fluctuations are over. Since the causes are gone, the hemorrhoids naturally go away as well. However, relief does not always come this way. Many women do not experience relief postpartum.
Sometimes, pregnant women only contract the hemorrhoid during delivery, due to all the pushing and pressures exerted on the bowels during labour.
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